Energetics of syntrophic cooperation in methanogenic degradation
The microorganisms which participate in methanogenic degradation have a mutual dependence on one another and are capable of functioning on minute amounts of energy. Research indicates that they are able to take advantage of sophisticated metabolic processes to release energy in the form of adenosine triphosphate. Energy amounts as minute as -20 kJ per reaction have been recorded. Reversed electron transport systems may be used to recover energy released through ATP synthesis in biochemical energy systems such as syntrophic fatty acid and alcohol-oxidizing processes.
Publication Name: Microbiology and Molecular Biology Reviews
Subject: Biological sciences
Roads to reconciliation
There are now signs of very positive approaches to community planning in Belfast, Northern Ireland, where the loyalist and nationalist communities live in clearly designated areas. There is a growing awareness that interfaces can be created based on common interest and usage, and there is a new willingness to compromise. It is recognised that there a tensions within communities as well as between them, and that community redevelopment should not attempt to enforce partnership. It is now vital to develop policies which will build on this positive atmosphere.
Publication Name: Architects' Journal
Subject: Business, international
From "dependencia" to shared prosperity
Economic intregration into the global system focusing on dependency has hampered the attainment of sustained development in Latin America. The concept of shared prosperity is more favorable for developing economies.
Publication Name: New Perspectives Quarterly
Subject: Political science