Increased Pulse Pressure and Risk of Heart Failure in the Elderly
An elevated pulse pressure may be a risk factor for congestive heart failure (CHF) in the elderly. Pulse pressure (PP) is the difference between systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure. As people age, their aorta becomes less elastic, which causes systolic blood pressure to increase and diastolic blood pressure to decrease. This in turn causes PP to increase. In a study of 1,621 elderly men and women, increases in PP increased the risk of CHF. Those with the highest PP had a 55% increased risk of CHF than those with the lowest PP.
Publication Name: JAMA, The Journal of the American Medical Association
Effects of moderate alcohol consumption on cognitive function in women
Multivariate-adjusted mean cognitive scores and multivariate-adjusted risks of cognitive impairment and a substantial decline in cognitive function over time are calculated. Results suggest that in women, up to one drink per day does not impair cognitive function and may actually decrease the risk of cognitive decline.
Publication Name: The New England Journal of Medicine
- Abstracts: A prospective evaluation of plasma prostate-specific antigen for detection of prostatic cancer. A prospective evaluation of an angiotensin-converting enzyme gene polymorphism and the risk of ischemic heart disease
- Abstracts: Radiolabelled lymphocyte migration in rheumatoid synovitis. Oral contraception, parity, breast feeding, and severity of rheumatoid arthritis
- Abstracts: Successful pregnancy with scleroderma renal disease and pulmonary hypertension in a patient using angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors
- Abstracts: A prospective comparison of transvaginal ultrasonography and diagnostic hysteroscopy in the evaluation of patients with abnormal uterine bleeding: clinical implications
- Abstracts: Fetal fibronectin levels are elevated in maternal plasma and amniotic fluid of patients with severe preeclampsia