Declining prevalence of cervicovaginal human papillomavirus infection with age is independent of other risk factors
The lower rate of human papillomavirus (HPV) infections among older sexually active women may be explained by an acquired immunity that develops with time and continued exposure to the virus. Researchers evaluated 439 sexually active women in inner-city New York for HPV infection. Thirty-six percent of women under the age of 25 were HPV-positive, compared to 2.8% of women aged 45 years and older. The main risk factors for HPV infection were young age, not living with a sex partner, and the number of sex partners over the previous year.
Publication Name: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Incidence of and risk factors for genital human papillomavirus infection in women drug users
The incidence rates and risk factors associated with detection of any genital human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and HPV infection with high oncogenic potential (High- risk HPV) among female drug users with or at risk for HIV infection are determined. HIV infection is independently associated with a substantial and significantly increased risk for any and for high-risk genital HPV infection and is the most important risk factor found.
Publication Name: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes (1999)
- Abstracts: Survival differences in patients with AIDS. Cervical cytologic abnormalities and papillomavirus in women infected with human immunodeficiency virus
- Abstracts: Visceral leishmaniasis in patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Tuberculous meningitis in patients infected with the human immunodeficiency virus
- Abstracts: The risk of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia among men infected with human immunodeficiency virus type I. Survival from early, intermediate, and late stages of HIV infection
- Abstracts: Pregnancy outcomes among mothers infected with human immunodeficiency virus and uninfected control subjects. Serious infections in pregnancy among women with advanced human immunodeficiency virus infection
- Abstracts: Incidence of Kaposi's sarcoma in a cohort of homosexual men infected with the human immunodeficiency virus type 1