Cancer incidence in Norwegian Seventh-Day Adventists 1961 to 1986: is the cancer-life-style association overestimated?
Based on their interpretation of Biblical scriptures, Seventh-Day Adventists discourage the eating of meat and the use of drugs and caffeine-containing beverages. Alcohol and tobacco use is also discouraged by the sect. Seventh-Day Adventists might be a useful group to examine to assess the health effects of these dietary and habit restrictions. Volunteer bias, which can slant the data, may be overcome by conducting a study in which health data for all members may be tabulated, not merely those who have volunteered. Such a study may be quite difficult in the US, but can be accomplished in Scandinavian countries because central health records are kept for all citizens. In a study of the health records of 7,253 Seventh-Day Adventists, an incidence of cancer was found that was not significantly different from that of the general population. When individual cancers were considered, cancer of the respiratory system were less common among the Adventists. The incidence of most other cancers were not significantly different than normal, but the incidence of cancer of the uterus was increased. The results suggest that the incidence of cancer among the Seventh-Day Adventists may be similar to that of the general population. If the diet and habit restrictions of this religion provide a health advantage, it may be considerable smaller than previously estimated. (Consumer Summary produced by Reliance Medical Information, Inc.)
Publication Name: Cancer
HIV-1 incidence among opiate users in northern Thailand
The use of narcotics in northern Thailand may also represent a serious risk of subsequent HIV-1 infection. Sixty male patients of 436 patients in the only inpatient Thai drug treatment program acquired HIV-1 infection within two years. This seroconversion rate is twice as high as in Bangkok and indicates a need for improved drug education and control programs. Better access to sterile needles may be a first step.
Publication Name: American Journal of Epidemiology
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