Vital signs: are we monitoring the right parameters?
Measurement of the traditional vital signs, including temperature, pulse, blood pressure and respiration, has been facilitated by technological advances, but new measures are also available that may provide better indicators of the patient's condition. For example, use of electrocardiogram and phonocardiogram sensors placed by electrodes on the chest can provide data on respiratory rate, tidal volume, minute ventilation, pulse, stroke volume, cardiac output, the ratio between preejection period and left ventricular ejection time of the heart, and extravascular lung water.
Publication Name: Nursing Management
Management of elevated intracranial pressure in patients with cryptococcal meningitis
Aggressive treatment of elevated intracranial pressure may be beneficial in AIDS patients with cryptococcal meningitis. Cryptococcal meningitis is an infection of the brain caused by the fungus Cryptococcus neoformans and it occurs in about 5%-10% of HIV patients. Researchers used shunts to drain excess cerebrospinal fluid in 10 HIV patients who had changes in mental status due to cryptococcal meningitis. All 10 patients recovered normal consciousness following this treatment.
Publication Name: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes and Human Retrovirology
- Abstracts: Intracranial pressure monitoring: review of risk factors associated with infection. Transdermal monitoring of glucose and other analytes using ultrasound
- Abstracts: Perianal appearances associated with constipation. Factors associated with nighttime incontinence following ileoanal pullthrough
- Abstracts: Fish oil supplementation in patients with stable claudication. Supplementation with omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in the management of dysmenorrhea in adolescents
- Abstracts: A controlled study of psychological and social change after surgical gender reassignment in selected male transsexuals
- Abstracts: Neuroendocrine design of the gut. Recurrent laryngeal nerve injury: A complication of central venous catheterization