Reduction of serum cholesterol with sitostanol-ester margarine in a mildly hypercholesterolemic population
Consumption of sitostanol-ester margarine as a portion of dietary fat may help reduce levels of blood cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol. Of 153 people with serum cholesterol levels of at least 216 milligrams per deciliter, 51 consumed margarine without sitostanol, and 102 consumed margarine with sitostanol-ester. In the latter group, 51 reduced their sitostanol intake from 3 grams a day to 2 grams a day after six months. Consumption of sitostanol-ester margarine led to a decrease in cholesterol levels by 7.4% after six months and 10.2% after a year; and a decrease in LDL cholesterol by 10.4% after six months and 14.1% after a year. Sitostanol-ester margarine also decreased levels of serum campesterol, which suggests a decrease in cholesterol absorption. High-density lipoprotein cholesterol and triglyceride levels were did not change. Participants reported no side effects and were able to distinguish between the margarines in a taste test but expressed no preference.
Publication Name: The New England Journal of Medicine
Twenty-year dynamics of serum cholesterol levels in the middle-aged population of Eastern Finland
Changes in diet and the time period a person was born in appear to significantly affect cholesterol levels. A total of 17,542 women and 16,711 men aged 25 to 64 years were interviewed and evaluated at five-year intervals between 1972 and 1992. Cholesterol levels did not significantly change over time among groups born within the same five-year time periods. Overall, cholesterol levels decreased during the study period for both men and women coinciding with a decrease in reported saturated fat in the participants' diet. Cholesterol levels were higher in older men and women.
Publication Name: Annals of Internal Medicine
Identifying Russian and Finnish adolescents' problem behaviours
Using a cross-cultural study, the problem behaviors of adolescents in Russia and Finland are compared in order to formulate effective health promoting methods.
Publication Name: Health Education
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