The three faces of welfare: public opinion and the debate over reform
The American public seems to hold complex, somewhat contradictory ideas about welfare. History shows that while people believe that welfare programs should primarily be programs intended to put people to work, they also believe in aiding the needy. These oppositional beliefs may lie behind the cyclical swings toward and against supporting welfare. Negative attitudes toward welfare peaked in 1980, support of increased welfare spending grew during the 1980s, and opposition grew again in the early 1990s. Current views on welfare may be projections tied to conflict and distress over changes experienced in American work and family life. Thus, welfare recipients may be defined as deviant and nonrepresentative of the "normal" values held by the rest of Americans. Regional variations in beliefs about welfare may also be found. For example, northeasterners tend to want welfare reform to save government money, but midwesterners are more willing to spend money on programs to help welfare recipients get off welfare.
Publication Name: Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine
A minor injuries unit run by nurse practitioners has now been operating at the Western General Hospital, Edinburgh, since early 1995. It has seen 9,896 patients, with 96% of patients being seen, having treatment started and care completed or being referred elsewhere within an hour. There is clearly great demand for a service of this kind, and patients have expressed satisfaction about care standards. The nurse practitioners have received specialist training, and have been able to set quality standards and agree clinical protocols.
Publication Name: Nursing Times
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