Trends in self-reported HIV risk behavior: injection drug users in Los Angeles
Self-reports on HIV risk behavior among intravenous drug users indicate both a persistence of high-risk sexual and drug acts and an adoption of certain risk-reducing practices. Of 1,148 people arrested in Los Angeles between 1987 and 1991 who reported intravenous drug use in the previous year, there has been no significant reduction in needle-sharing with strangers or acquaintances or at shooting galleries. However, self-reported use of bleach to clean needles increased from 24% in 1988 to over 70% by 1991. While there was no significant change in the percentage of drug users who reported having sex with two or more people or five or more people in the previous year, condom use among non-monogamous users increased to 58% by 1991. Future educational and risk-reducing efforts should not only try to prevent needle-sharing but also reinforce the importance of using bleach and condoms.
Publication Name: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes
Long-term trends in self-reported HIV risk behavior: injection drug users in Los Angeles, 1987 through 1995
HIV risk behaviors in Los Angeles seemed to decline between 1987 and 1995. During that time, there was a small and gradual decrease in the percentages of intravenous drug users who shared needles, followed by a large sudden drop in 1995, possibly due to a change in city policies concerning needle exchange. Use of bleach to clean needles declined until 1991, then levelled off. Number of sex partners did not change, but condom use increased.
Publication Name: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes and Human Retrovirology
Prevalence of HIV-1 among recent arrestees in Los Angeles County, California: serial cross-sectional study, 1991 to 1995
Analysis of urine samples from people arrested in Los Angeles between 1991 and 1995 shows the percentage of drug addicts and prostitutes who test positive for HIV remained the same. Six percent of intravenous drug addicts, crack smokers and prostitutes tested positive, whereas 3% of both male and female arrestees tested positive.
Publication Name: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes (1999)
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