The perils of being a juror with a conscience
A nationwide attack on the right to jury trial progressed a step recently with the trial of a criminal trial juror for contempt for telling fellow jurors they could acquit a defendant even if they believe the accused violated the law. Such a case was last brought in 1670, stemming from the trial of William Penn. The juror in question ironically did not receive a jury trial because the prosecutor said he would seek a sentence of less than six months. A recent US Supreme Court decision allows multiple petty charges.
Publication Name: The National Law Journal
Precision-guided munitions demonstrated their pinpoint accuracy in Desert Storm; but is a country obligated to use precision technology to minimize collateral civilian injury and damage?
There is no compelling legal force to make a country use precision-guided munitions to prevent civilian casualties in war. Two reasons inhibit an obligation to use such munitions: the defender's responsibility for civilians and the uncertain advantages of munitions depending on circumstances. The US use of such munitions in Operation Desert Storm in the 1991 war against Iraq proved the value of precision weapons but was not legally necessary.
Publication Name: George Washington Journal of International Law and Economics
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