The "new public management" in the 1980s: variations on a theme
The 1980s saw the emergence of New Public Management (NPM) in Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries. The rise of this trend can be considered as part of the general direction toward associated doctrines of public accountability and public administration. This accounting change is also being touted as a rejection of progressive public administration (PPA). An exploratory exercise is performed to test the validity of this assumption. Results show that there is no clear indication as to whether the PPA model of accountability has truly become extinct. It is also discovered that variations in the level of application of NPM reforms in OECD countries cannot be fully explained by traditional theories on change in the public sector. Furthermore, it is found that there is no simple relationship between levels of macroeconomic success and the emphasis on NPM nor between political ideology and the level of stress laid on NPM.
Publication Name: Accounting, Organizations and Society
Vietnam in the 1980s: price reforms and stabilization
Vietnam's economic reform measures in 1985 needlessly focused on the insignificant monetary overhang problem, which involved 'forced' money holdings by households owing to shortages in consumer goods. At the same time, it failed to address the problem of 'flow' of net domestic credit extended to the government and state-owned enterprises. Confiscatory monetary reform aggravated the situation as it reduced the demand for real balances. Budgetary and credit limits and shifts in asset portfolio choices by the Vietnamese, on the other hand, were responsible for the success of the 1989 reforms.
Publication Name: Banca Nazionale Del Lavoro Quarterly Review
The power of public opinion: Diana, Princess of Wales: 1961-1997
Opinion polling became a significant practice during the event of Princess Diana's death. The method was used to gather information and views of people regarding several issues involving the royal family and the Princess herself. Results provide an overview of how people think and at the same time give leaders an idea of how to act at such events. However, opinion polls are often accused of being tools used to manipulate people and change the way they think.
Publication Name: Journal of the Market Research Society
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