Taxicabs and child restraint
Taxicabs should no longer be exempt from laws requiring child restraint devices. Child restraint devices in automobiles are highly effective in preventing deaths and minor injuries and in reducing the need for hospitalization. All 50 states and the District of Columbia have enacted child restraint laws, but 35 (69%) exempt taxicabs. Of 108 inner-city women with children under age four, 84 did not own a car. Of the families without a car, 64 rode in a taxicab with children under age four at least monthly. None of the 108 mothers used child restraint devices when riding in taxicabs, but 90% said they would use the devices if offered. Only three of 50 taxicab fleets surveyed offered child restraint devices if requested in advance by telephone. Until laws regarding child restraint devices are changed and enforced, the taxicab industry should be instructed on child passenger safety and encouraged to make the devices available.
Publication Name: American Journal of Diseases of Children
Into thin air
Lack of oxygen at higher altitudes constitutes the greatest medical problem associated with mountaineering, and the ascent of Mount Everest 40 years ago proved a medical milestone due to the experience with the use of oxygen tanks during the expedition and the research preceding it. Acute mountain sickness is much better understood after expeditions such as the Everest climb, and this knowledge has helped both medical personnel and mountaineers to avoid the problems associated with high-altitude oxygen deprivation.
Publication Name: Geographical Magazine
Subject: Petroleum, energy and mining industries
A yardstick of variable length
The use of the annual percentage rate of change (APR) as a way of comparing interest rates has become meaningless in the UK. This measurement, introduced in 1974, is intended to give a clear indication of the real cost of credit, allowing consumers to find the best credit deal. However, it has been abused by some lenders, and the situation is made worse by the fact that regulations relating to advertisements for financial products are not in line with reality.
Publication Name: The Independent
Subject: Retail industry
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