The political economy and indigent defense: New York City, 1917-1998
The non-adversarial view of criminal defense in New York City began in 1917 under the auspices of the Legal Aid Society. The Society used a cost-effective approach which discouraged trials and encouraged plea bargaining. In 1966, in the wake of the Supreme Court's Gideon v. Wainwright decision, the City agreed to become the main provider of legal services in criminal cases. In the 1990s, the case load jumped while per-case funding for indigent defense services was reduced and the City began seeking alternative services providers, resulting in degraded services.
Publication Name: Annual Survey of American Law
Preliminary report: availability of domestic violence services for Latina survivors in New York state
New York's anti-domestic violence organizations such as Violence Intervention Program, Hispanics United of Buffalo and the Hotline provide an indispensable service to Latina victims of partner violence. These community-based organizations offer the essential bilingual and bicultural services which non-English-speaking Latinas badly need. However, such services are in short supply to meet the demands of the estimated 1,000,000 victims of abuse annually.
Publication Name: In the Public Interest
New York implements anti-referral law
A recent New York law regulates referrals by physicians to laboratories and imaging centers with which they have financial relationships. The law broadly prohibits self-referral because of potential conflicts of interest and negative effect on medical judgment and physician-patient relationships. A number of exemptions are provided. The law takes effect in two stages and will be completely phased in by 1995.
Publication Name: Law, Medicine & Health Care
- Abstracts: Economic and geographic diversity in AIDS incidence among HIV exposure groups in New York City: 1983 to 1995. Tradition and experiment in New Zealand AIDS policy
- Abstracts: Economic and geographic diversity in AIDS incidence among HIV exposure groups in New York City: 1983 to 1995. part 2
- Abstracts: A positive psychological theory of judging in hindsight. Judging the Security Council
- Abstracts: Substituted judgment: medical and financial decisions by guardians. Money laundering, financial fraud, and technology: the perils of an instantaneous economy
- Abstracts: Yes: a denial of human rights. Economic outlook for 1998. Grazing rights: time for a new outlook